Canine Parainfluenza Virus (CPIV)

What is Canine Parainfluenza Virus (CPIV)?

Canine Parainfluenza Virus (CPIV) is a highly contagious virus that affects the respiratory system. Parainfluenza suppresses some of the innate parts of the immune system and causes a loss of cilia. Cilia filters dust and other materials from inhaled air before it reaches the lungs. The infection and removal of this filter makes it easier for co-infections like "kennel cough" to occur.

Canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV) normally develops when multiple dogs are in close proximity to each other. If another respiratory infection is already present then the symptoms will be worse.

Symptoms of Canine Parainfluenza Virus (CPIV)

Some dogs who have contracted the virus may not show any signs of infection at all. Some or all the following signs of Canine Distemper Virus may be present:

  • Lack of energy

  • Loss of appetite

  • Coughing (dry or moist; can include blood)

  • Low-grade fever

  • Nasal discharge (mucus, pus or blood)

  • Sneezing

  • Eye inflammation

What spreads Canine Parainfluenza Virus (CPIV)?

Coughing, sneezing, and discharge from the respiratory tract is typically how this virus spreads. When an animal coughs, sneezes, or has it's discharge make contact with an object then that object will also carry the virus and will spread it if it comes into contact with your dog.

The incubation period for Canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV) is around 3 to 10 days after infection. Viral spreading normally happens around 6 to 8 days after infection. Some dogs with Canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV) may not show symptoms, but can still spread the virus. An infected dog can still pass on the virus for up to 2 weeks after recovery.

The virus spreads quickly where dogs are kept together in close proximity such as the following locations:

  • shelters

  • rescues

  • breeding kennels

  • pet stores

  • doggie daycare

  • groomers

  • dog parks

  • events

  • engaging with other dogs generally

How is Canine Parainfluenza Virus (CPIV) Diagnosed?

Diagnosis requires an examination from your local veterinarian. They will do various tests to rule out diseases to determine what one it is based off it's symptoms. It's important to tell them if your pet is vaccinated and if they've been to any location where dogs are kept together within the last 2-4 weeks as this information may help them narrow down what's going on with your dog. Canine Parainfluenza (CPIV) opens your dog up to other respiratory diseases so a faster diagnosis and treatment is vital.

How can you prevent catching Canine Parainfluenza Virus (CPIV)?

Talk to your vet. Vaccinate your puppy at their recommended schedule as this is the best protection for the long term. The DHPP vaccine helps protect your dog from Canine Parainfluenza Virus (CPIV). Try to isolate your puppy from the other dogs until they're fully vaccinated. Avoid taking your puppy to public places before they are fully vaccinated against Canine Parainfluenza Virus (CPIV).

What Can You Do?

Find a breeder who vaccinates their corgis for diseases like Canine Parainfluenza Virus (CPIV) and ask what other vaccinations are being done. You must advocate for your future puppy.

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Disclaimer: Anything written on this website should not be considered medical advice. It is purely informative. Please refer to your local veterinarian for any health related concerns.